Bhagavad-Gita Summary, Chapter IX

[For the Disciple—A Guide]

"Devotion by means of the Kingly Knowledge and the Kingly Mystery."

This Chapter marks the closing of the first half of the Bhagavad-Gita, and serves as a summation of that already said.

Krishna is seen to make a change in addressing Arjuna. He calls him "thee who findeth no fault." Earlier, Arjuna had been contentious and impatient with Krishna's explanations. Arjuna has progressed. (Gita, p. 64)

Krishna states that Spiritual Knowledge is:

"All this universe is pervaded by me in my invisible form; all things exist in me, but I do not exist in them. Nor are all things in me; behold this my divine mystery: myself causing things to exist and supporting them all but dwelling not in them. Understand that all things are in me even as the mighty air which passes everywhere is in the end of a kalpa (4,320,000,000 years) I cause them to evolve again. Taking control of my own nature I emanate again and again this whole assemblage of beings, without their will, by the power of the material essence. These acts do not bind me...because I am as one who sitteth indifferent uninterested in those works. By reason of my supervision nature produceth the animate and inanimate universe; it is through this cause...that the universe revolveth." (Gita, pp. 64-5)

[It may be noted that Krishna died 3,102 B.C. when the Black Age (Kali Yuga) started. The Secret Doctrine states that the first 5,000 year cycle of this vast age (432,000 years) ends 1897-98. We may assume that the Bhagavad-Gita contains in succinct form the Message of Krishna, as the Supreme Spiritual Personage for the Kali Yuga age. Theosophy is a continuation of that great effort, as Krishna's message will reverberate down the succeeding ages.]

Those who are deluded are unacquainted with this true state of the Universe. Deluded, they are of vain hopes, confused in action, reason and knowledge and thus, they incline to evil and deceitful principles.

The Wise, knowing Krishna to be the Spirit of the Universe, and the indivisible, imperishable principle of all things, recognize Him as the highest in all manifestation. Krishna offers more examples of excellence, saying:

"I am the Holy One...the goal, the Comforter, the Lord, the Witness, the resting-place, the asylum and the Friend; I am the origin and the dissolution, the receptacle, the storehouse, and the eternal seed..." (Gita, p. 66) "...for those thinking of me as identical with all, constantly worship me, I bear the burden of the responsibility of their happiness." (Gita, p. 67)

Those who chose to follow the Vedas obtain a limited benefit, and return to rebirth when the stock of their merit is exhausted. Krishna then adds:

"Those who devote themselves to the gods, go to the gods; the worshippers of the pitris go to the pitris; those who worship the evil spirits go to them, and my worshippers come to me...Whatever thou doest, O son of Kuntî, whatever thou eatest, whatever mortification thou performest, commit each unto me. Thus thou shalt be delivered from the good and evil experiences which are the bonds of action [Karma]; and thy heart being joined to renunciation and to the practice of action thou shalt come to me." (Gita, pp. 67-8)

[Reading this, we may surmise that these words convey a secret message. The Supreme Spirit, Krishna, is everywhere. Respect and obedience are due to Him, who is seated in our own heart, as in the heart of every other being. Every creature we contact deserves our careful consideration. If we limit our view to our own personalities, we will be shutting out the sense of brotherliness that marks true devotion. We keep Krishna far from our understanding and our life.]

The result of every one of our choices is called karma, and pleasure or pain follows inevitably the motive and the wisdom, or foolishness, of our choices. We can blame no one but ourselves for our present. We are engaged in shaping our future. A change of mind is needed if these statements are true. (Gita, pp. 67-8)

Again Krishna repeats:

"I am the same to all creatures; I know not hatred nor favor; but those who serve me with love dwell in me and I in them...he who worships me never perisheth...Having obtained this finite, joyless world, worship me. Serve me, fix thy heart and mind on me, be my servant, my adorer, prostrate thyself before me, and thus united unto me, at rest, thou shalt go unto me." (Gita, pp. 68-9)

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