Bhagavad-Gita Summary, Chapter X

[For the Disciple—A Guide]

"Devotion by means of the Universal Divine Perfections."

Krishna, continuing the teaching of Chapter 9 gives Arjuna a survey of the vibhutis, or examples of perfection in manifestation. They represent examples of his excellence present to the world.

Since He is "the origin of all the Gods, and the Adepts" none of those can trace his origin. But those who know, perceive "the mighty Ruler of the universe...without birth or beginning, to be among men, undeluded, shall be liberated from all...sins. (Gita, p. 70)

Krishna lists the spiritual qualities that represent His nature:

"Subtle perception, spiritual knowledge, right judgment, patience, truth, self-mastery; pleasure and pain, prosperity and adversity; birth and death, danger and security, fear and equanimity, satisfaction, restraint of body and mind, alms-giving, inoffensiveness, zeal and glory and ignominy, all these the various dispositions of creatures come from me...I am the origin of all; all things proceed from me; their very hearts and minds are in me; enlightening one another and constantly speaking of me, they are full of enjoyment and satisfaction. To them...I give that mental devotion by which they come to me. For them do I out of my compassion, standing within their hearts, destroy the darkness which springs from ignorance by the brilliant lamp of spiritual discernment." (Gita, pp. 70-1)

Arjuna recognizes in this Personage who is his friend, a universal potential, and declares some understanding; yet, since he has not developed the needed universality to "see" Krishna everywhere, he asks Krishna to choose a "form" under which he might be meditated on. Thus, he says, Arjuna the devotee, using such a focus, would be better able to visualize and worship him. (Gita, p. 72)

Krishna, seeing that Arjuna was still burdened by the illusion of forms, and a mind perception limited to his daily condition lists further examples of his manifestation as those perfections in Nature, already known to Arjuna.

He begins with the statement:

"I am the Ego which is seated in the hearts of all beings...I am the beginning, the middle and the end...I am endless time itself, and the preserver whose face is turned on all sides." (Gita, pp. 73-5)

And He concludes the list, saying:

"I established this whole universe with a single portion of myself, and remain separate." (Gita, p. 76)

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